Garcinia Indica-ಪುನರ್ಪುಳಿ

Kingdom : Plantae

Clade : Angiosperms

Order : Malpighiales

Family: Clusiaceae

Genus: Garcinia

Species: G. indica


Garcinia indica is indigenous to the tropical forest regions of India. Of the 35 species found in India, 17 are endemic. Of these, seven are endemic to the Western Ghats, six in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and four in the northeastern region of India.

Garcinia indica is found in forest lands, riversides and wastelands. These plants prefer evergreen forests, but sometimes they also thrive in areas with relatively low rainfall. It is also cultivated on a small scale.

Description: Garcinia indica is an evergreen, monoecious tree,  which can grow up to 18 meters high, on maturity attaining a pyramid shape.The fruit, an orange-sized purple berry with fleshy endocarp, contains five to eight seeds, which account for 20–23% of the fruit's weight. The kernels account for 61 percent of the weight of the seed and about 44% of its oil. The seeds are compressed and embedded in an acidic pulp.